We provide specialist advice on elephant related issues and wild elephant management to private owners and conservation authorities.

Many game reserves owners do not realize that by South African law and in line with the current Norms and Standards, an elephant management plan needs to be in place for each reserve that host elephants and that this plan should comply with the Threatened Or Protected Species regulations (TOPS).

To view these laws and regulations please click on the links below:

Norms & Standards
Biodiversity Act

Elephant Behaviour Awareness

Dominant elephant cow displaces another cow








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